New York City (NYC) DOT Pilot

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The New York City Connected Vehicle Pilot was completed in December 2021. All event data collected from the Pilot have been obfuscated to remove Personally Identifiable Information (PII) and are available on the ITS DataHub's CV Pilot Data Sandbox. All final project deliverables will be posted to the Technical Events / Publication page as they become available.

Over the past five (5) years, the NYC Department of Transportation (DOT) led the New York City Pilot, which aimed to improve the safety of travelers and pedestrians in the city through the deployment of V2V and V2I connected vehicle technologies. This objective directly aligns with the city’s Vision Zero initiative. In 2014, NYC began its Vision Zero program to reduce the number of fatalities and injuries resulting from traffic crashes. One of the major ongoing initiatives has been the citywide speed limit reduction from 30 miles per hour to 25 miles per hour (mph). According to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA), speeding was a factor in more than one in four deaths. Human factors were the critical cause in about 94% of all crashes while vehicle-related factors applied only to about 2% of all crashes. In Manhattan, 73% of all crash fatalities involved pedestrians compared to 14% nationwide. Senior citizens over age of 65 comprise 12% of the population in NYC but about 33% of all pedestrian fatalities. In addition, the primary reason for crash-related deaths of children under 14 was from being struck by a vehicle. NYCDOT’s deployment provided an ideal opportunity to evaluate connected vehicle technology and applications in tightly-spaced intersections typical in a dense urban transportation system and is estimated to be the largest connected vehicle technology deployment to date (see Table 1). The NYCDOT CV Pilot Deployment project area encompassed four distinct areas in the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn (see the figure below).

The first area includes Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) Drive in the Upper East Side and East Harlem neighborhoods of Manhattan. The second area includes four one-way corridors of 1st Avenue, 2nd Avenue, and 5th Avenue from 14th Street to 67th Street and 6th Avenue from 14th Street to 59th Street in Midtown and Upper East Side neighborhoods of Manhattan. The third area consists of the five two-way, bi-directional cross streets in Midtown Manhattan: 14th, 23rd, 34th, 42nd, and 57th Streets. The fourth area covers a 1.6-mile segment of Flatbush Avenue in Brooklyn from Tillary Street on the north and Grand Army Plaza near Prospect Park to the south. As shown in Table 2, approximately 3,000 City vehicles that frequent these areas were fit with the CV technology. Using Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), the deployment included approximately 320 signalized intersections for vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) technology. In addition, NYCDOT deployed approximately 8 Roadside Units (RSUs) along the higher-speed FDR Drive to address challenges such as short-radius curves, a weight limit, and a minimum bridge clearance and over 100 RSUs at other strategic locations throughout the City to support system management functions. As a city bustling with pedestrians, the pilot also focused on reducing vehicle-pedestrian conflicts through in-vehicle pedestrian warnings and an additional V2I/I2V project component that equipped approximately 25 pedestrians with personal devices that assisted them in safely crossing the street. To learn more about the NYCDOT Pilot, please visit the NYCDOT Pilot website and the Phase 1, 2 and 3 documents. For inquiries regarding the NYCDOT pilot, please contact Wesam Daraghmeh, WDaraghmeh@dot.nyc.gov and Mohamad Talas, Mtalas@dot.nyc.gov.

New York City Pilot Deployment  Site Map
New York City Pilot Deployment Site Map
(Source: NYCDOT)


Table 1. NYCDOT Pilot Site Proposed CV Applications

ID

Category

NYCDOT – CV Application

1
V2I/I2V Safety
Speed Compliance (SPDCOMP)
2
Curve Speed Compliance (CSPDCOMP)
3
Speed Compliance in Work Zone (SPDCOMPWZ)
4
Red Light Violation Warning (RLVW)
5
Oversize Vehicle Compliance (OVC)
6
Emergency Communications and Evacuation Information (EVAC)
7
V2V Safety
Forward Crash Warning (FCW)
8
Emergency Electronics Brake Lights (EEBL)
9
Blind Spot Warning (BSW)
10
Lane Change Warning/Assist (LCA)
11
Intersection Movement Assist (IMA)
12
Vehicle Turning Right in Front of Bus Warning (VTRW)
13
V2I/I2V Pedestrian
Pedestrian in Signalized Crosswalk (PEDINXWALK)
14
Mobile Accessible Pedestrian Signal System (PED-SIG)
15
Mobility
Intelligent Traffic Signal System (I-SIGCVDATA)

Table 2. NYCDOT Pilot Site Deployed CV Devices

NYCDOT – Devices

Estimated Number

New York City (NYC) Department of Transportation (DOT)
1,238
NYC Dept. of Parks and Recreation (Parks)
511
NYC Dept. of Correction (DOC)
293
NYC Dept. of Environmental Protection (DEP)
159
NYC Dept. of Homeless Services (DHS)
100
NYC Taxi and Limousine Commission (TLC-DCAS)
98
NYC Human Resources Administration (HRA)
86
NYC Dept. of Citywide Administrative Services Fleet (DCAS)
78
NYC Dept. of Education (DOE)
78
NYC Dept. of Buildings (DOB)
69
NYC Administration for Children's Services (ACS)
65
NYC Dept. of Housing Preservation & Development (HPD)
48
NYC Dept. of Health (DHMH)
45
NYC Dept. of Design and Construction (DDC)
38
NYC Office of Chief Medical Examiner (OCME)
29
MTA Bus & NYC Transit
14
NYC Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
12
NYC Dept. of Consumer Affairs (DCA)
12
Anheuser-Busch InBev (ABI)
10
NYC Dept. of Info. Tech. & Telecom. (DOITT)
9
NYC Department of Probation
6
NYC CVPD Team Vehicle
1
Taxi Limousine Commission (Yellow Cabs)
1
Total Equipped Vehicles
3,000
Roadside Units (RSU) at Manhattan and Brooklyn Intersections along FDR Drive, and at additional support locations
457
Vulnerable Road User (Pedestrians/Bicyclists) Device
5 (tested with 24 participants)
PED Detection System
10

Research Contacts

contacts Katherine K. Hartman
CV Pilots Program Manager
ITS Joint Program Office
(202) 366-2742
Kate.Hartman@dot.gov